When using a laser for the treatment of bone and cartilage tissue, laser treatment can be used both independently and in combination with other therapy methods. With the help of LASEST laser modules, it is possible to achieve not only a therapeutic, but also a protective effect, because laser therapy reduces the risk of complications after treatment with hormonal drugs. cartilage tissue under the action of laser radiation, there are a number of positive therapeutic effects, because the laser beam penetrates to a certain depth and, due to the settings of the parameters and radiation characteristics, selectively affects the damaged tissue. According to the mechanism of action, the basic principles of the therapeutic effect of Nd: YAG Arthro laser radiation are divided into the following:
1) Under the action of laser radiation, the diameter and permeability of the lymphatic vessels and capillaries increase. This effect of vasodilation increases with more active supply of oxygen and nutrients to damaged tissues, which helps to accelerate the healing process.
2) The laser radiation of the Nd: YAG laser also has an analgesic effect due to the photothermal effect of a specially shaped laser beam on pain receptors. In addition, under the influence of time-modulated laser radiation, metabolism is stimulated due to induced hyperemia, stimulated by optical exposure, which helps to eliminate the initial causes of painful sensations. Moreover, the physiotherapeutic principle of the action of laser radiation LASEST promotes relaxation and increased elasticity of tissues, due to controlled photothermal and photoacoustic effects, and also contributes to the additional generation of the extracellular matrix, and, indirectly, affects the reduction of the perception of painful sensations.
3) Due to the special shape of Nd: YAG Arthro laser radiation pulses, a regenerative effect occurs in the bone and cartilage tissues, and, accordingly, the healing and recovery processes after exposure to the laser for the therapy of bone and cartilage tissue occur much faster.