Laser for the treatment of dilated veins

Varicose veins is a very advanced disease in the modern world. Лазер для флебологииAbout 50% of the world’s working-age population suffers from dilated vein syndrome of the lower extremities.

This disease leads to a violation of blood circulation from the lower extremities to the upper, which also entails an increase in pressure due to stretching and deformation of the walls of the veins. Various methods and methods are used to treat varicose veins, however, one of the most common and effective methods is to use a laser to treat dilated veins. The essence of the technique of using a laser in phlebology is the uniform coagulation of damaged veins of the lower extremities. The effect of vascular “soldering” is the active absorption of hemoglobin molecules of laser radiation, the energy of which is immediately transformed into locally distributed thermal energy, under the action of which the walls of the vessels stick together.

The technique of using a laser in phlebology

The procedure for laser treatment of dilated veins is carried out according to the following algorithm:

  1. Immediately before the procedure, the phlebologist performs an ultrasound scan of the veins on the legs. This is necessary in order to correctly mark the location of damaged veins.
  2. At the next stage, local anesthesia is introduced into the area of ​​operation and treated with a disinfectant solution for future punctures and the introduction of a special phlebological fiber.
  3. Using a special tool, the attending physician performs a puncture of the vein and enters the fiber.
  4. Directly at this stage, the process of coagulation of veins with a laser occurs. The most commonly used radial laser fibers for the treatment of varicose veins, which propagate the laser beam at an angle of 90 degrees. to the movement of the fiber, however, some doctors also use end fibers, in which the radiation propagates coaxially with the direction of movement of the fiber.
  5. After completing the procedure, the patient can independently leave the operating room, however, he must be in the medical center for another three to four hours under the supervision of the attending physician.

Advantages and disadvantages of laser treatment of dilated veins of the lower extremities

One of the advantages of laser phlebology is the fact that the laser can be used in cases where other methods of treating varicose veins are contraindicated (phlebectomy, sclerotherapy, etc.). In addition, the phlebological surgical laser has several advantages over conservative methods, namely:

  1. Minimum invasiveness and high aesthetics after completion of the procedure. The doctor can perform treatment for varicose veins on both legs and after surgery there are no scars and scars, as after conservative methods of therapy.
  2. Use only local anesthesia.
  3. Short procedure time and fast rehabilitation period. The average duration of laser vein surgery is 40-50min.
  4. Visually visible result immediately after the procedure.

If we consider the disadvantages of using a medical laser to treat varicose veins, it is worth noting that the number of complications or side effects after the procedure is minimal. These sometimes include: some pain after the procedure, the formation of a small amount of hematomas immediately after the operation, an increase in body temperature for several days (this is a normal reaction to coagulation of the veins).